Archive for June, 2008

Science Press Releases

June 8, 2008

From http://arxivblog.com:

First superheavy element found in nature
http://arxiv.org/abs/0804.3869: Evidence for a Long-lived superheavy Nucleus with Atomic Mass Number A = 292 and Atomic Number Z @ 122 in Natural Th
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From http://eurekalert.org:

Public Release: 8-Jun-2008
Nature Neuroscience
Origins of the brain
One of the great scientific challenges is to understand the design principles and origins of the human brain. New research has shed light on the evolutionary origins of the brain and how it evolved into the remarkably complex structure found in humans. The research suggests that it is not size alone that gives more brain power, but that, during evolution, increasingly sophisticated molecular processing of nerve impulses allowed development of animals with more complex behaviours.
Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, GSK, Edinburgh University, EMBO
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/wtsi-oot060508.php

Public Release: 7-Jun-2008
Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology
Scientists find 245 million-year-old burrows of land vertebrates in Antarctica
Scientists find evidence of tetrapods living in Antarctica during the early Triassic epoch, about 245 million years ago.
National Science Foundation
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/uow-sf2060208.php

Public Release: 6-Jun-2008
Science
Serotonin may affect our sense of fairness, scientists report
The neurotransmitter serotonin, which acts as a chemical messenger between nerve cells, plays a critical role in regulating emotions such as aggression during social decision-making. The findings highlight why some of us may become combative or aggressive when we have not eaten. The research also provides insight into clinical disorders characterized by low serotonin levels, such as depression and obsessive compulsive disorder.
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/uoc–sma060608.php

Public Release: 6-Jun-2008
International Journal of Public Opinion
Scientific information largely ignored when forming opinions about stem cell research
When forming attitudes about embryonic stem cell research, people are influenced by a number of things. But understanding science plays a negligible role for many people.
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/uow-sil060608.php

Public Release: 6-Jun-2008
Goodbye to batteries and power sockets
A broken cable or a soiled connector? If a machine in a factory goes on strike, it could be for any of a thousand reasons. Self-sufficient sensors that provide their own power supply will soon make these machines more robust.
http://www.fraunhofer.de/EN/press/pi/2008/06/ResearchNews062008Topic5.jsp

Public Release: 6-Jun-2008
Cheltenham Science Festival
Militant jihadists are inspired by night dreams, suggests research
The inspirational night dream, or ruya, is a fundamental, inspirational and even strategic part of the militant jihadist movement in the Middle East and elsewhere. This is the conclusion of a study of the reported dreams of many of the best-known al-Qaeda and Taliban leaders carried out by Dr. Iain Edgar a social anthropologist at Durham University.
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2008-06/du-imj060408.php